A New Level of Success in Architecture
- Low Cost
- High Efficiency
- Low Maintenance
- Fast Installation
- Small Sizes
- Low CO2
- Zero Waste
- 500 Year Life
- Waste Stream Use
- Flood Proof
- Hurricane Resistant
- Earthquake Resistant
- 100% Non-Toxic
- Mold Proof
- Low EMF
Bioceramic dome technology opens a new world of possibility in architecture. The current construction industry uses four primary material families – wood, metal, concrete, and organic polymers (plastics). Now we have a fifth family. Chemically Bonded Ceramics (bioceramics) are a new class of geopolymers that enable cascades of innovation in construction.
The new material family bridges the gap between ceramic, cement, and epoxy. Bioceramic is highly crystalline with covalent and ionic bonding like ceramic, yet it’s water activated and cures quickly at room temperature like rapid cement, yet it’s a glue that forms molecular bonds with nearly all natural materials. Bioceramic has a very low thermal expansion coefficient and forms waterproof “cold-joints”. This new combination of material properties enables a new level of quality. Geoship injection molds ceramic parts that are bonded together with ceramic on site. The result is an all-ceramic composite monolithic structure that maximizes efficiency through geometric precision.
Bioceramic architecture eliminates nearly all construction products and whole supply chains. Roofing, tar paper, trusses, insulation, lumber, steel, concrete, adhesives, particle board, drywall, paint, and siding are all replaced with bioceramic composites. The ceramic material consists of raw earth minerals and natural fibers. They react at room temperature and form a highly crystalline ceramic concrete. There is nothing to rot, rust, corrode, or burn, and no petrochemicals. Bioceramic domes are truly 100% non-toxic.
The turnkey cost of our market-entry domes is expected to be $160 to $270 per sqft (not including land). The studio domes cost more per sqft than the family domes. Living in a small home, purchasing used appliances, and doing some of the work yourself will reduce these costs. We believe we can cut costs by 50% over the next 10 years, as Geoship scales.
Conventional homes require a lot of maintenance. There are many different materials fitted together with fastenings, adhesives, and paint. Geoship domes will never need new paint, siding, or roofing. Other major maintenance expenses come when damage occurs from high winds, fire, water, insects, and mold. Ceramic composites do not burn, rot, corrode, or support mold growth.
Geoship domes can be repaired and resurfaced with GeoRok – our special blend of ceramic materials. The ceramic bonds to itself like a tenacious waterproof glue.
Once the site work (foundation/sewer/water/power) is complete, a bioceramic studio dome can be installed and finished in 2-6 days. The kit arrives on site in a container. The installation can be done by Geoship certified installers or by owner-builders. All the parts weigh less than 30lbs and there is no cutting or measuring required. Augmented reality glasses can assist with showing installers how the parts fit together. A helper in the glass can see what you see and answer questions that may come up during the process.
We have orders of magnitude more demand than we can supply. The wait before installation begins is currently much longer than we’d like. We’re working hard to scale production. Ultimately our goal is to complete the entire cycle from design to installation in less than 45 days (faster than you can close escrow on an existing house).
Bioceramic domes are modular. They can be configured in many ways. The domes can stand alone or be physically connected to one another. The smaller sizes decrease the cost of the home, while making it easy to add another dome or two later as the needs change.
Our geodesic domes are designed with an extra deep 10” insulation cavity, which can be filled with a range of cavity fill insulation materials. The nominal R-value of the dome is between R35 and R60 depending on the selected insulation. This is double or triple the recommended value of R13 to R23 in the walls of a conventional house.
The effective R-value of the ceramic dome is much higher than a conventional house due to a) minimal thermal bridging, b) a perfectly tight envelope (near zero air leaks), c) over 80% heat reflectivity d) optional triple pane skylights or electrochromic glass e) natural convection patterns in a dome f) reduced surface area of a dome.
Bioceramic domes are equipped with automated vents at the top and bottom. The vents work with well placed skylights and thermal masses to help warm and cool the dome passively.
Low Embodied CO2
The embodied carbon of the ceramic dome is 90% to 99% less than a conventional wood box house of equal floor space. Embodied CO2 varies with different ceramic mixes and waste stream reclamation. Ceramic materials can also sequester CO2. The sequestration process can be accelerated by curing the panels in CO2 rich gas chambers or using CO2 infused water. With waste stream reclamation and CO2 sequestration, it’s possible for bioceramic architecture to be truly carbon negative as the market grows.
Bioceramic dome installation does not require any cutting or measuring. The injection molded parts fit perfectly. Geoship production plants have a goal of zero waste water and near zero production waste.
500 Year Life
Bioceramic domes are engineered for a service life of 500 years. If damage occurs you can mix ceramic on site to repair the dome with the same material it’s made from. Ceramic homes can also be resurfaced with the same ceramic sprayed on like a paint.
Waste Stream Utilization
“Pollution is nothing but resources we’re not harvesting. We allow them to disperse because we’ve been ignorant of their value.”
— Buckminster Fuller
Ceramic injection molding is a highly adaptive technology. Many different geopolymer binders are possible including; phosphate-bonded ceramics, carbon-bonded ceramics, magnesium oxide cements/ceramics, some alkali activated cements, and calcium sulfoaluminate cements.
Phosphates are now being commercially reclaimed from wastewater treatment plants. Magnesium and Potassium can be reclaimed from seawater desalination plants. The main waste stream from Lithium mining (for batteries) is a type of Magnesium that we can use in the ceramics. CO2 is also being reclaimed from the burning of fossil fuels, which can be used to make carbon-bonded ceramics.
About 60% of the ceramic is aggregate (the other ~40% is binder). In addition to the reclamation of binder materials, we can reclaim a wide range of aggregate materials including; agricultural waste, coconut and hemp fiber, wood chips, saw dust, recycled glass, ash, old concrete, and captured CO2. Our mission is to help build a cradle-to-cradle ceramic raw materials industry as we scale.
Ceramic panels are completely inorganic and non-toxic. At the end of the very long life, they can be pulverized and used to make new ceramic panels. The ceramic material also makes excellent fertilizer. Emerging vortex wind technologies can molecularly separate the ceramic, so that it can be reconstituted into fresh ceramic.
Bioceramic architecture has excellent resistance to high temperatures (due to it’s outstanding 80% heat reflectivity). The material does not burn or emit any toxic fumes during a fire.
The highly crystalline ceramic has a porosity of less than 1%. Portland concrete, on the other hand, is much more porous and non-crystalline. In most flooding situations, a conventional house must be immediately stripped of the drywall and insulation so that it can dry out. Otherwise the house becomes infested with mold and gets demolished. Even if the bioceramic dome were underwater, it would retain or even gain strength, and quickly dry out.
“(The geodesic dome is) the lightest, strongest, most efficient means of enclosing space known to man.”
– American Institute of Architects
Stresses and strains in a geodesic dome are distributed with incredible efficiency throughout the entire structure. This dance of compression and tension (what Bucky called “tensegrity”) makes the geodesic dome very strong, especially when made with high strength ceramic composites. The physical geometry of a building defines its aerodynamic properties and affects how well it can withstand a storm. Geodesic domes have low drag coefficients and can withstand very high wind forces. We engineer bioceramic domes to be hurricane resistant.
Earthquake failures occur at the “moment connections” — where columns and beams meet. Bioceramic domes have no moment connections. They’re timeless 😉 The mesh and fiber reinforcing gives the ceramic high flexural strength and ductility. The bioceramic dome is monolithic because the ceramic glue chemically bonds the ceramic panels together, making the installed dome essentially seamless. Monolithic domes are considered to be among the most earthquake resistant buildings possible. On the “shake table” (a test method used to simulate the effects of an earthquake on certain building designs) domes far outperforms conventional structures.
Insects don’t eat rocks. Termites, wood bees, carpenter ants, spiders, etc are not interested in bioceramic materials. Cellular ceramic insulation is a desiccant. It abrades the exoskeleton and dries the insect up.
Conventional homes use a lot of potentially toxic and polluting substances. Just recently, in 2017, the Toxic Substances Control Act was finally revised by the EPA – it hadn’t been revised for 40 years. Until now, there has been practically no regulation (in the US) on the chemical substances used in building materials. The living futures institute has published this “red list” of potentially toxic substances, none of which are included in a bioceramic dome. We are beginning to work with 3rd party organizations, like the living future institute and WELL to certify and standardize bioceramic architecture.
The ideal building envelope provides no nutrients for mold growth, and allows water vapor to pass right through it. The bioceramic dome is all inorganic, so there are no nutrients to fuel mold growth. (Mold and mildew feed on organic carbon-containing compounds.) The all-ceramic dome is designed and engineered to be waterproof but vapor permeable through electrostatic charging. Phosphate ceramics are inherently anti-fungal and anti-bacterial.
Special metal aggregates can be added to the ceramic to block radiation if necessary. However, in most cases, the potentially harmful effects of non-native electromagnetic frequencies (EMF) can be mitigated with location, materials, and geometry.
Electromagnetic radiation can be visualized as charge that is leaking and radiating outward. The opposite of radiation is centripetal charge that is folding back into itself like a torus. Bioceramics are paramagnetic and high dielectric. They attract and compress charge. In electrical engineering terms one could say the bioceramic dome is like a biological capacitor. The high dielectric ceramics compress charge and the dome generates its own centripetal electric field that resonates with biology.
“Love is metaphysical gravity”
– Buckminster Fuller
Atmospheric physics has shown that the earth is negatively charged, and we pick up about 100 volts of potential charge differential for each meter we gain in elevation. This climaxes with the ionosphere, which is positively charged. Our world might be visualized between two plates of a capacitor, earth’s surface being the negative plate, and the ionosphere being the positive plate. Air and water both act as excellent dielectrics (they hold charge). A Qigong Master would say that all living beings breathe charge (chi, prana, life force energy).
Geoship homes are designed and engineered to mimic these processes; which are naturally occurring in your body and around the earth. Bioceramic domes open a new world of architectural possibility through the combination of high dielectric materials and fractal geometry that resonates biologically.
Our goal in designing the bioceramic dome is to restore the natural conditions that humans evolved with on Earth. Imagine standing in the center of a stone circle, with your bare feet pressed into the humus of the meadow and sunlight filtering through the leaves. Nature creates space for your electric field, your aura, your chi, to unpack and breathe.
To mimic this natural environment inside the dome we start by eliminating all potentially toxic materials, mold growth, dirty electricity, stale air, artificial light spectrums, and right angles. We then bring in a continual flow of fresh air, natural light from all directions, earthing floors, and synergetic geometry.
Indigenous cultures sensed the value of living in harmony with nature when they constructed stone circles, labyrinths, teepees, and pyramids. These are natural sanctuaries that focus energy, restore balance, and enhance fertility/seed germination. The geodesic dome is the ancient flower of life pattern in 3D.
It’s time for homebuilding to evolve.
“After the HEYOKA ceremony, I came to live where I am now between Wounded Knee Creek and Grass Creek. Others came too, and we made these little houses of logs that you see, and they are square. It is a bad way to live, for there can be no power in a square…
The Power of the World always works in circles, and everything tries to be round. In the old days when we were a strong and happy people, all our power came to us from the sacred hoop of the nation, and so long as the hoop was unbroken, the people flourished…
Our teepees were round like the nests of the birds, and these were always set in a circle, the nation’s hoop, a nest of many nests, where the Great Spirit meant for us to hatch our children.”
– Black Elk